Violence Against Women in India
The process of women empowerment in India has had a long and rich history. Women have faced a lot of challenges during the medieval era but this was changed overtime by vigorous campaigns from reformers and activities, which lead to the promotion of equal rights and reduction of violence against women in India. It is said that the position of women in a society is the society’s index of cultural and spiritual attainment. Today, women struggle to pursue respectable careers and work to survive like their male counterparts. However, women still have challenges that have led to the emergence of numerous women empowerment groups to fight social injustices that inhibit women prosperity. These campaigns mainly focus on fighting illiteracy, sexual harassment etc. lately, there has been a more focused violence against women campaign aimed at educating women to know more about their rights.
The women organizations in India today are not free agents or autonomous; they inherited a particular area or field and its accompanying social relation then preside over it and within it. Women in India have held some of the top jobs in the land including that of presidency. Even then, they still continue to face atrocities and violence cases such as like rape, forced prostitution, dowry killings and brutality. According to a report by Thomas Reuters, India is ranked fourth among the most dangerous countries for women among the G20. This is the reason why violence against women in India is becoming one of the government’s major goals.
Indian Women During The British Rule
Early European scholars discovered that the Indian woman of the 19th century had a natural glamour and was more vigorous than the rest. It is during this period that many women empowerment groups and reformers such as Ram Mohan Roy emerged and fought for the rights of women. Peary Charan Sarkar set up the first free school for female students in India in 1847 in Barasat. She was a former student of Hindu collage called Calcutta. Even though one could argue that there was little support from the British Administration during the Raj era, the contrary was the case. British missionaries’ wives deserve that respect they enjoy to date for they pioneered the education and training of girls in India. Their intervention was received with fierce resistance from the locals in the early stages as it was seen to defy their traditions.
Later, reforms, which touched on marriage and politics among the women, began to take effect. Women in India played a major role towards the attainment of its independence. Women such as Kittur Chennamma, queen of the state of Kittur Karnataka led armed rebellions against the British rule. The queen of Jhansi named Rani Lakshmi is widely considered a national hero for leading the 1857 rebellion against the British. In 1929, the Child marriage Restraint Act was passed that enforced fourteen as the minimal marriage age for a girl. Finally, Sarojini Naidu, Indian poet, became the first Indian woman to be the president of the Indian National Congress and governor of Uttar Pradesh state. Her birthday is celebrated as Women’s Day in the entire India today.
Indian woman in modern Indian
Women in Indian today fully participate in all areas like education, politics, science and technology and many more. The violence against them is reducing and more women are beginning to realize their rights in the society. In short, it is no longer a man’s world. The Indian constitution guarantees all Indian women equality with no discrimination by the state. It stipulates equal opportunities and equal pay for work. It further advocates for affirmative action that provides special provision for women and children by the state. The law renounces cultural practices, which are derogatory to the status of the female figure by ensuring a humane environment for work and maternity relief.
The Process of Women Empowerment
Women in India are still facing obstacles due to a male dominated culture despite efforts made by different organizations to reverse the norm. However, they are gradually getting empowered in areas like education, politics, professional and eventual in their households. It is agreed that women need to gain more power to equal their male counterparts in this contemporary world. The value of social development and civilization can be entire arbitrated by the role of women in a society.
Today, women take active roles in politics and management positions in world-class companies. India has come of age in enhancing the position of women through laws that protect their rights. They majorly focused on eliminating women suffrage, feminism, improving their property rights and advocating for equality in terms of opportunities.
The result has been loud with increased reports showing the girl child competing vigorously in academics and other areas. It means that the girl child is now confident and can get well-paying jobs as their male counterparts. This development is a complete reversal of how the situation was in the olden days.
However, the single but more worrying problem that continues to thrive in India is the negative sexual attention attached to the Indian Women. Women are hassled, stalked, raped and trafficked for sexual immorality. Furthermore, the heinous practice of female feticide and infanticide, where over 10 million infants have been killed in the last two decades. It is now the responsibility of law enforcing bodies to avert crime against women.
How to achieve women empowerment
A report by International Fund for Agriculture Development (IFAD) evaluation came up with four main areas to enhance women empowerment:
Improved women mobility and social interaction
When women are given the opportunity to interact freely and frequently with people in top ranks like international organization CEOs and government officials, they develop a sense of self-realization and motivation to desire achievement.
Improved labor pattern
Women should have equal access to all job opportunities and receive equal pay as their male counterparts.
Access and control of resource
Opportunity to manage country’s’ national resource and the right to own property should not be left to the males alone. Women too should feel a sense of ownership and power over property.
Involvement in decision-making
Women should be allowed to participate fully in the decision making process right from their households to the national government.
Latest report on violation of women rights in India
Violence against women in India is on the rise. Despite the incredible social changes achieved by the country, the girl child has to remain brave and vigilant to overcome sexual defilement. A recent study by the India’s’ Ministry of National Crime Record Bureau concluded that a woman is molested every 26 minutes and raped in every 34 in India. The report further showed that a woman is kidnapped every 43 minutes in Indian.